How To Pronounce Fodmaps

FOS or inulin are often added to probiotics as a source of pre-biotics but they are sources of fructans so choose probiotics without those added. Do you know something about the results of the breath tests. The doctor says to limit my fruit intake, he didn’t talked about the FODMAP. Another doctor told me to follow the fodmap, but he couldn’t give me a dietician specializing in the diet.

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Abadie, V.; Sollid, L.M.; Barreiro, L.B.; Jabri, B. Integration of genetic and immunological insights into a model of celiac disease pathogenesis. In the study of Swidsinski and co-workers, the colonic microbiome was investigated in an auto-immune MS cohort of patients during KD treatment . The effects of a KD in the short term produced a reduction of bacterial concentrations and diversity. After 6 months, an inverse effect was registered with a bacterial richness significantly increased and a restoring in bacterial biofermentative functions, markedly impaired in MS patients. Therefore, it appeared that KD normalized concentrations and functions of the colonic microbiome after 6 months of treatment .

Find Your Foods

The low FODMAP diet, and IBS dietary advice in general, can also seem overwhelming and contradictory. Hang in there, there are a lot of clear, easy steps to take that should get you feeling better quickly. Sweeteners of all types are in many processed foods, like breads, soup, and sauces. If you have Crohn’s or another IBD, FODMAPs are especially likely to cause you trouble. Talk to your doctor and see a dietitian before you switch your diet.

More research is needed to determine which patients can benefit from a low-FODMAP diet and to quantify the FODMAP content of various foods, which will help patients follow this diet effectively. Once you know what FODMAPs cause you upset the trick becomes remembering which foods contain those FODMAPs. Janelle Smith, MS, RD, specializes in gastrointestinal symptom management through appropriate nutrition and food choices, helping you adapt to living on a gluten-free diet.

Garlic And Onion Fodmap Faqs

The primary fodmaps in fruit are fructans, monosaccharides, and polyols. Polyols are sugar alcohols such as sorbitol, mannitol, maltitol, xylitol, polydextrose, and isomalt. “I tell my patients to reintroduce the FODMAPs that they previously enjoyed eating, one at a time, for one to two weeks per food item,” he says. “If their symptoms do not return, great! That item can be safely eaten from now on. If they feel one or more of their symptoms returning, that food item should be avoided long term.” To help relieve symptoms of FODMAP intolerance, try a type of elimination diet called the low-FODMAP diet that will help you identify exactly which foods are causing issues. Is it OK to take fiber supplements on a low FODMAP diet?

As I cook for the whole family and don’t want to make different dishes for them and me, I have been using the green tops of spring onions and leeks together with home made garlic oil which seems to be acceptable. In my practice, I encourage my lactose intolerant patients to avoid high lactose foods. During the re-introduction phase we experiment with lactase enzymes. The Sunshine burger with brown rice and sunflower seeds seems well tolerated in my patients that have tried them. PS – I am so fascinated by food and healing through foods.

Many people report that what they eat affects their symptoms. Therefore, modifying what you eat can help to manage symptoms. It’s also important to know that your tolerance to FODMAPs can change over time.

It will help you clearly define which foods to avoid, limit, and can be safely eaten. There may be times when you need to go back to step one and spend a couple of weeks with a more restricted diet, just to let your GI system settle down where can i purchase cbd oil in maryland again. Not everyone will benefit from avoiding FODMAP foods. But if you decide to try a low-FODMAP diet, it’s best to work through the list of foods systematically. It’s unlikely that all high-FODMAP foods are causing you problems.

The Morning Banana Diet

For a quick reference of FODMAP-friendly foods vs. “caution” foods rich in FODMAPs, refer to the “FODMAPs Checklist” table, a good starting point for this dietary approach. Research and the compilation of comprehensive food composition data are ongoing in the area of FODMAPs, and modifications and updates will likely be forthcoming. Prebiotics, like fiber, are not digested in the human GI tract but are consumed or acted upon by our gut microbes to produce beneficial effects for human health. Although most prebiotics are fiber, there are some non-fiber prebiotics including polyphenols and lactulose (a non-absorbable sugar).

Patients were recruited from a hospital-based dietetic practice that served the community. Patients continued the low-FODMAP diet during the washout period and were not permitted to move to the next phase until their symptoms had returned to baseline levels. All IBS symptoms were significantly greater in patients who received fructose, fructans, or a combination of the 2 foods, compared to glucose. True food allergy caused by immunoglobulin E— mediated type 1 hypersensitivity is rare in adults, occurring in only 1-2% of the adult population. Most true food allergies occur in children, particularly infants. Over 90% of food allergies are caused by eggs, peanuts, milk, soy, nuts, shellfish, fish, or wheat.

I do my best, but continue to learn more each and every day. I don’t have all the answers but try to share what I do know. I love having a trusted go-to expert for IBS and FODMAP issues 🙂 It means a lot to so many people. I am studying to be a nurse practitioner and I might specialize in GI. I will reccomend your book and website to many IBS sufferers.

If possible, a registered dietitian with specialised knowledge of the low FODMAP diet can you help navigate the complexity of the diet while making sure you are get the nutritional requirements that your body needs . Your dietitian will also help you troubleshoot if your symptoms aren’t settling, before walking you through re-challenging and reintroducing high FODMAP food back into your diet. I am a 38-year-old male who has been suffering from IBS symptoms for at least the past four years. It started out with abnormally large, soft and frequent bowl movements between 2012 and 2013. By the beginning of 2014, I began experiencing severe lower back pain, and chronic abdominal bloating had become my chief complaint.

REINTRODUCE→Slowlyadd FODMAP foods back to your diet. ELIMINATE→Completely remove all high FODMAP foods from your diet. The duration of this phase should be about 2-4 weeks.

Could it be that your diet was exceptionally high in FODMAPs and now you removed all food sources for your copious bacteria and they are dying in droves. In relation to the low FODMAP diet–not sure about aloe vera, licorice tea, raw sauerkraut –seaweed and turmeric are okay. Unfortunately it is best that meat is not cooked w/ onion and garlic even if you remove them–some of the water soluble fibers will likely get into the meat. And I hope that you have been screened for celiac disease and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. Functional bowel disorders, including irritable bowel syndrome , are common disorders that have a significant impact on patients’ quality of life. These disorders present major challenges to healthcare providers, as few effective medical therapies are currently available.

Fodmaps: They Might Be The Reason You Think Youre Gluten Intolerant

Fody offers over 200 delicious low FODMAP recipes for breakfast, lunch, dinner, snacks, and dessert. Our convenient low FODMAP products and recipes make the low FODMAP lifestyle and everyday meal planning easy and absolutely delicious. In some ways, this is the hardest phase of all, because there’s no one roadmap that will be right for everyone. The good news is, there are more low FODMAP recipes, packaged foods, and other resources available to help you on your journey than ever before. A Low FODMAP elimination diet is not one diet, even though it’s often portrayed that way.

This confirms the fermentative nature of the short-chain carbohydrates and their role in the induction of bloating, distension, abdominal pain and excessive flatus. The low FODMAP diet was developed in 1999 by Dr. Sue Shepherd at Monash University in Australia to control gastrointestinal symptoms associated with irritable bowel syndrome . Low digestibility of FODMAPs means they are poorly absorbed in the small intestine and therefore proceed to the large intestine, where they are fermented by bacteria.

The low FODMAP diet requires you to avoid some of the healthiest foods, from garlic to apples to chickpeas. Doing so actually alters the gut microbiota – which, while it leads to relief in the short term, long term…well, it could mean more gut issues down the road as you lose beneficial microbes that protect your gut health. For many with irritable bowel syndrome, the low FODMAP diet is the first line of nutritional therapy. Often, before people come to see us, they have tried a number of dietary strategies on their own, from gluten free to low fibre to paleo to lectin-free. However, relief is usually only partial – or not at all – because you aren’t removing 100% of the substances that increase symptoms.

I also don’t understand why brown sugar is OK if molasses is not. I would greatly appreciate any clarification you can give me. I have found your website and blog extremely helpful. Spinach and Swiss chard have been tested and are low in FODMAPs.

Join The Fodmap Challenge

Secondly – foods recommended – grains have ‘spelt grains’ and lists gluten free grains. Spelt is a cousin of the wheat family and is considered a glutenous grain therefore spelt has nothing in common with the gluten free grains listed. This diet is not vegan or vegetarian, but is based on science around digestion of FODMAPs. You can seek out organic sources, but restricting your diet too much can have other health consequences when you are low on essential nutrients. It’s tough to be vegan or vegetarian if you have IBS. Although this is not a gluten-free diet, gluten-free products so not have wheat, barley or rye in them.

Wetter cheeses such as ricotta and cottage would still contain a fair amount of lactose so would not be allowed on the low FODMAP diet. But other people do react even to the amount of these carbohydrates in a bowl of coleslaw or a stick of sugar-free gum sweetened with sorbitol. If you have fructose malabsorption, elimination of FODMAPs should result in improvement of symptoms within few days; complete resolution of symptoms may last for several weeks. If you have irritable bowel syndrome , a low-FODMAP diet may help you or not.

If you do work with a registered dietitian on the low FODMAPS diet, make sure they also address the standard high fat trigger foods and GI irritants, and the importance of soluble fiber safe foods. Excluding high FODMAPS foods without adjusting your diet for the other IBS concerns is much less likely to give good overall results. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, rye, and barley. So if you feel better on a gluten-free diet, it just might be because you’re eating less of the problematic sugars and other carbs.

Table sugar and maple syrup are considered low FODMAP choices in small quantity. I am not a fan of sugar substitutes…but aspartame and stevia seem to be well tolerated. I believe isolated soy protein should be low in FODMAPs.

I recommend you purchase the Monash U low FODMAP app to guide you and work with a knowledgeable dietitian. I usually make this with half a mug of dried oats and one mug water (and then add and mix in banana and blueberries after it’s cooked). Is this in accordance with the 1/2 a cup cooked advice for oats? I.e. only if I was eating them uncooked would I need to have only 1/4 of a cup? Also, is that it in terms of oat intake for the day, or just for that meal?

Honey contains excess fructose and not other FODMAP groups so for this reason, you could try to consume a bit of glucose when you consume a small amount of it and this may aid its absorption. This is only applicable when a food contains only excess fructose compared to glucose and NO other FODMAP groups….mango and honey would be the most common examples that I can think of. 1 TB honey has 8.6 g fructose and 7.5 g glucose which makes it a source of excess fructose. For some individuals, taking a glucose tablet which often contain 5 g glucose can help offset the excess fructose and help your body absorb the fructose. Of course, work with a health professional to work out these details to best suit your health needs.

A Low-FODMAP diet reduces the amount of fermentable carbohydrate intake, which means less fermentation by gut bacteria, less water in the intestines and less opportunity for gas, stomach distension, diarrhea and constipation. ‘Chloe has been amazing through the whole process, so informative and caring and for this alone I would recommend her and The FODMAP Challenge 1000 times over. The challenge itself is well thought out from meal plans to informative blog posts and an online community which are all so important to helping you through the process. It can be a pretty daunting experience on your own but The FODMAP Challenge community makes it seem so achievable and really gives you invaluable tips and resources to make the process as informed and simple as possible. I highly reccomened this to anyone who has suffered any gut issues, IBS, etc.

Thank you this information came right before my appointment with my GI. Much like Kelly my GP has been barely manageable for 12 months and my IBS/C has been worse! I discussed this with my doc and am now on Xifaxan. I am now reading all I can on how to avoid SIBO in the future and tailoring my diet yet again. I’m not so sure I can be of much help to anyone else since I’m struggling right now.

According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, about 12 percent of people in the U.S. live with IBS. It’s always best to consult your GI doctor before starting any elimination diets to treat gut health. But if you’re experiencing symptoms and get the go-ahead from the doc, you may want to give the low-FODMAP life a whirl. Many seeds and nuts do have water-soluble oligosaccharides–GOS and fructans–and these can leach into water soluble products such as milk. Would perhaps try to flax milk as a challenge food/beverage source rather than using in elimination phase and check tolerance.

You may have gut flora (bacteria/microbes) that prefers GOS fibers as their food source…and perhaps these bacteria contribute to toxic metabolites or a leaky gut which impacts you on a systemic level–ie back pain. –just an idea–theory–that needs more evidenced based research…but something to think about. Not sure I got back to you on this question Karen…tolerance to FODMAPs can change over time–likely due to changes in gut bacteria that can occur with diet changes or treatment of bacterial overgrowth. Onion, however, seems to be one of the hardest FODMAP sources to add back.

These days, Keto and Paleo are dominating the dietary world. But before these behemoths rolled onto the scene, the low-FODMAP diet was making waves of its own—and it’s still going strong as a sound dietary option for people who are struggling with gastrointestinal issues. If the FODMAP foods elimination has helped, it’s time to start reintroducing some options you eliminated from your diet. Reintroduce foods one at a time, and only in small amounts.

Coffee, black tea, green tea, white tea and peppermint tea are allowed on a low-FODMAP diet, as are most sweeteners, including brown sugar, palm sugar, pure maple syrup, raw sugar, rice malt syrup and white sugar. When people talk about a low-FODMAP diet, they’re usually talking about the elimination phase. The personalization phase isn’t necessarily a low-FODMAP diet, since you reintroduce all the high-FODMAP foods that don’t cause problems. Once things have calmed down in Tummytown, there’s an opportunity to do some further investigation.

Kate Scarlata Mph, Rdn Is A Gut Health & Nutrition Expert With 30+ Years Of Experience

After eating a low FODMAP diet for a trial period, try adding one food back one at a time to see if any GI symptoms return. The purpose of adding one food at a time is to see if any of the foods trigger symptoms. As stated above, everyone tolerates foods differently and you should always consult a physician and/or a registered dietician to ensure you are consuming a balanced diet. One of the challenges of the low-FODMAP diet is sticking with it through the elimination phase to the challenge phase, when you begin reintroducing foods to test your tolerance for each FODMAP. The latter phase requires close attention to how your body responds. So, for example, you might add back milk to a meal to test your sensitivity to lactose.

In super simple terms bali kratom powder (og/pc) are short chain carbohydrates . Don’t panic – the diet isn’t actually sugar free and you can still enjoy a low FODMAP treat! These FODMAPs naturally occur in a wide range of fruit, vegetables, cereals, grains, dairy products, legumes and pulses.

Hi my daughter was just placed on teh fodmap diet. I was wondering if she could drink orange juice if it is 100% orange juice. Also what about chocolate and cookies and desserts.

That’s when I discovered the Healthy Food Guide toolkit for how much cbd oil for osteoporosis. I was able to plan meals with confidence and it has been far easier than I imagined. I’m well on the way to taking control of my health. So yes, so within ”Gentle Nutrition” within my book, it’s really all of what does positive nutrition look like? Rachael Hartley, RD, LD, is a nutrition therapist, certified intuitive eating counselor and nationally-recognized food and nutrition expert.

I recommend using this app to support you in the diet and to identify foods that are high and low in FODMAPs. Whether you work through a step-by-step Challenge Phase or you use the more gradual Reintroduction process, doing this slowly, one food at a time can really help. And of course, keep a food & symptom journal along the way to track your progress and even use a special tracking sheet as you add back. And for those with slower moving bowels, perhaps even longer. So as you are reintroducing foods keep record with a food & symptom journal or other tracking worksheet. And if you need more instruction or support with this process, please consider working with an expert dietitian or join us in the CLAIRITY Program.

FODMAPs are a fuel source for these microbes which release toxic byproducts as they metabolize the sugars. This toxicity causes digestive discomfort and overtime leads to different health challenges. IFFGD is a nonprofit education and research organization. Our mission is to inform, assist, and support people affected by gastrointestinal disorders. Also, remember that high FODMAP foods that you’ve passed should remain out of your diet while you finish the other reintroductions. Inulin is usually derived from chicory root and it can be labelled on ingredient labels as inulin, chicory root, chicory root fibre.

How to Get More Visibility for Your Blog Posts

Every company person knows the fact a fruitful company depends considerably on the existence of an audio advertising strategy. In the absence of this type of strategy, all of your other initiatives are essentially useless. This really is all the more true when it comes to online organizations, as your competition is fiercer on the Internet. We could get as far as expressing that your Web company will quickly arrive at an end if you crash to produce great use of all assets that you’ve at your disposal when it comes to generating quality traffic to your online site.

Your advertising strategy ought to be a complex one and includes a variety of search engine optimization services, such for instance article distribution, directory submissions, cultural bookmarking, and website posting. These are some of the top ways to promote a web page and the expense of such seo services are nothing set alongside the advantages they bring. Only consider what advantages would derive from having thousands as well as thousands of prospective customers visiting your website every day and you’ll certainly concur that search engine optimization services are an investment worth making. Guest post

An SEO post is one of the most effective ways of generating long-haul traffic, particularly if applicable material is submitted on private blogs. Needless to say that your freshly produced website is likely to be found by key search motors faster than it would be if you had been to only wait for that to take place without resorting to any advertising strategies. Moreover, a seo post will also support improve your position with the most important search motors, which, will change into more targeted traffic to your online site.

Once you’ve handled to have continuous quality traffic to your website, you decide to help keep your guests finding their way back, but more regularly than perhaps not, getting to the stage where you’ve to show unexpected customers into devoted types is probably the most difficult task. And this really is where each one of these seo strategies, including website submitting, comes into place. However, a seo post is not a thing that everybody can do. Wherever you post your article is of the utmost value and therefore is the caliber of the text and its relevance for search engines. Along with all this, website submitting can be a really time-consuming task. Therefore, it’s recommended that you make use of a professional website submitting service.

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Boxing Betting Basics

Boxing has been associated with betting since the 18th century. The British made it possible to place wagers on any fighter and gave prizes to the winners. From its height in the 1960s and 1970s, when fighters like Muhammad Ali were popular, to the current downfall and corruption due to Don King and Mike Tyson, professional boxing has seen tremendous growth.

Pro boxing continues to thrive in Las Vegas, which Gervonta Davis is the gambling capital of world. Boxing odds can be found in nearly every sportsbook. This article will discuss the various betting options available for boxing. It will also give tips and tricks on understanding boxing odds.

Basics of Betting Boxing Boxing is a sport that sports bettors enjoy for its brutality and promotional build-up. Only the Super Bowl can rival boxing in terms of betting interest, media attention and media attention.

You can also place a bet on boxing matches. The odds of winning are based on money lines. You can read Understanding Money Lines to learn more about money lines.

Here’s an example.

Favorite: 170 (bettet $170 to win $100).

Underdog: +150 (bet $100 for a chance to win $150

Draw: +800 (bet $100 for $800)

Some sportsbooks also offer boxing proposition betting, which includes how many rounds the fight will last (i.e. Boxing proposition bets can also be offered by some sportsbooks, which include how many rounds you think the fight will go (i.e. Over/Under 8.5). This increases the potential for action and further increases the possibility of it happening. Another popular prop bet for betting boxing is:

Picking the round that ends the fight is the end

Parlay-type wager that combines two bets on who will win the fight, and which method the fight will be decided by.

Tips for Success in Betting Boxing is the most controversial professional sports because of its connection to gambling and its sole focus on money. We recommend that you learn as much about the fighters as possible, particularly heavy favorites as they will require a greater investment. Champion boxers, like other sports, can be distracted by their opponents and may not be as motivated to fight for a title.

It is not uncommon for a rising contender to knock off a veteran like Bernard Hopkins. Taylor defeated Hopkins in a split decision on June 16, 2005, to win the undisputed title of world middleweight champion. Taylor-Hopkins is one example of such a clause in boxing contracts.

Hopkins stated that he was not going to deny that decisions are good for boxing after his defeat to Taylor. But rivalries are.”

Hopkins is correct: Rivalries can make the sport more profitable and easier to market. Rivalries are what make team sports so exciting. Some of the most memorable fights were based on rivalries.

We can also draw a conclusion from the Hopkins-Taylor fight. The popular fighter, in this instance the favorite and defending champ, is usually overrated and overpriced because he is more well-known to the public. Taylor and other challengers are great value and worth betting on because of their popularity.

Boxing matches are more expensive than other sports. This creates a large dog/fave money differential between the underdog and favorite. Boxing odds at different betting sites vary so it’s worth shopping around for online sportsbooks to get the best value.

Online Sportsbook A might have Hopkins at -200, Taylor at +180, while Online Sportsbook B had Hopkins at 220 and Taylor @ +160. A $1000 wager on Taylor would have netted you $1800 at Online Sportbook A, while $1600 would have netted you at Online Sportsbook B. You would need to deposit more money if your bet was on Hopkins. You can see that “Online Sportsbook B”, which has a greater dog/fave line differential, is not the best place to place a bet on favorite or underdog bettors.

The best online sportsbook to bet on boxing is one that offers the most betting options, including propositions. You will have better odds of winning a fight if you bet at an elite online sportsbook.

The World’s Best Sports Betting Systems

What are the top sports betting systems in the world? Recession and economic conditions do not affect demand for sporting events. It’s a boom industry worldwide and sport entertainment is always in high demand. It’s possible to earn extra money by betting on What sports. It doesn’t matter if you are a spectator. You can take part in the action.

Join the top sports betting sites in the world to receive all of their winning predictions via email. All you need to do is follow their advice and place a bet. You may find it helpful to have some knowledge about the sport and be able to evaluate the risk suitability for the wager.

There are many tricks out there in sports betting. You won’t find any of these tricks if you follow the best sports gambling systems. Their systems are precise and unique, so you could make a fortune from their selections. This is to say, you will only make straight bets.

The benefits of joining one of the most respected sports betting systems in the world are numerous. The selections you receive daily in your email can help you make big profits. There is nothing more you need to do. Other recommendations are made by them when you sign up. You can earn bonuses for signing in to help cover the cost.

Joining a system such as this is a great way to reap the benefits.

You don’t have to have any experience in betting.

You don’t need to know anything about sports.

You don’t have to be an expert on sportbooks

Complex mathematical and statistical algorithms are not necessary

It doesn’t take any technical or computer knowledge to do this.

You receive your selections every day via mail

You can select how much you wish to wager on each selection

The world’s most trusted sports betting platforms are ethically and legally legal

You can do this anywhere in the world

Lifestyle

That classification has impeded research into psilocybin’s medical uses. But some studies in recent years, including one published last year by researchers at Johns Hopkins University, have found that it can help treat anxiety and depression in cancer patients. Although medical treatments for addiction have been proved effective, they are not used often enough, said Kenneth Stoller, MD, during a session at the 2019 ACR State-of-the-Art Clinical Symposium. These treatments bring health benefits that extend beyond addiction, he said. Dr. Stoller, assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Johns Hopkins University, said methadone, buprenorphine, naltrexone and other drugs to treat addiction are underused due to long-standing stigmas about drug use….

Psilocybin is the psychedelic drug that puts the “magic” in mushrooms. The hallucinogenic drug has been shown to offer therapeutics benefits such as alleviating symptoms of depression and helping people to quit smoking, for example. When people talk about anxiety, they often focus on its mental and emotional effects. That makes perfect sense, as the overwhelming worry and fear that characterize anxiety can be debilitating. “When a person experiences anxiety, it’s essentially the fight-or-flight system kicking in and saying, ‘Danger! ’” Neda Gould, Ph.D., a clinical psychologist and associate director of the Johns Hopkins Bayview Anxiety Disorders Clinic, tells SELF.

Are you struggling to get through the day or feeling persistently sad, irritable or anxious? These are some of the signs that you might need therapy or medication. “When it’s really affecting how you live your life, is when we want you to reach out for support,” said Dr. Erica M. Richards, medical director of the department of psychiatry at Sibley Memorial Hospital in Washington, D.C. Marijuana is also used to manage nausea and weight loss and can be used to treat glaucoma. A highly promising area of research is its use for PTSD in veterans who are returning from combat zones. Many veterans and their therapists report drastic improvement and clamor for more studies, and for a loosening of governmental restrictions on its study.

For professional homework help services, Assignment Essays is the place to be. Whether you are looking for essay, coursework, research, or term paper help, or help with any other assignments, someone is always available to help. With our cheap essay writing service, you are guaranteed to get credible academic writing aid at a reasonable price.

Three Johns Hopkins researchers — Matthew Johnson, Roland Griffiths and Jack Henningfield — and a co-researcher from the University of Alabama at Birmingham say a recent critique of their peer-reviewed assessment of medical psilocybin abuse liability in Neuropharmacology was unfair. According to Joseph Bienvenu, how much cbd oil for back pain director of the Anxiety Disorders Clinic at Johns Hopkins, leads to a vicious cycle of emotional distress. “Emotional distress due to over-busyness manifests as difficulty focusing and concentrating, impatience and irritability, trouble getting adequate sleep, and mental and physical fatigue,” he said.

Model inpatient youth psychiatric care is provided at other U.S. hospitals, including Johns Hopkins, which delivers inpatient diagnosis and treatment for ages 5 to 17. In a November 2016 study chronicling the rise in depression among young girls, a team led by Johns Hopkins psychiatrist Ramin Mojtabai noted that adolescent girls appear to be coming under increasing stress. As an example, Mojtabai and his team wrote that cyberbullying may have increased more dramatically among girls than boys.

Hone skills that require less sight and hearing, such as cooking or music marketing. The torture of tinnitus and eyes moving in addition to hearing loss as a lifelong music industry professional and living alone, with hostile family, doctors and now losing all my friends I feel it’s almost inevitable I must commit suicide. I stumbled on this site recently, wish how much cbd oil milligrams should i consume if i’m trying to shrink a tumor in dogs I had stumbled on it long ago, before my daughter committed suicide. I would do anything to fix my daughter and will listen to you when you need to talk. As hard as it was for me (I won’t bore you with the details), I managed to find the support I needed, utilize the homeless shelters and their services, and get therapy for my depression, among other things.

I am no longer a victim of neither rape, abuse, nor this horrible mental illness. My doctors tell me that I am one of the very few who make it in treatment for Anorexia or other mental illness. Being unemployed can lead to feelings of isolation and make your life feel as if it is void of purpose. With a poor economy, many people lose their jobs and look for new work, but since the competition is fierce, landing a new job can be difficult.

And she warns that for these women, it’s something to take seriously. “We are seeing psilocybin being used for anxiety, PTSD, depression, addiction. And the rest of them — LSD, ayahuasca — all have applications within that realm,” says . “In the clinical trials that are happening right now through places like Johns Hopkins or the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies … people are seeing a lot of positive results. Researchers at Johns Hopkins University, who have been at the forefront of psychedelics studies in a lab setting, are partnering with a Denver-based nonprofit to gather thousands of real-world experiences with psilocybin, the main psychedelic component of so-called magic mushrooms.

Last September, Johns Hopkins University received $17 million in donations to construct a Center for Psychedelic and Consciousness Research, following a similar effort at Imperial College London that led to the first such center worldwide. Centers like these at elite research universities lend legitimacy to the “alternative” approaches for which college students and researchers alike advocate. Studies at Johns Hopkins have proven that there are therapeutic effects after using some psychedelic substances. Paul Shasha Nestadt, co-director of the Johns Hopkins Anxiety Clinic, told Global Health NOW that chronic drinkers — and their loved ones — should pay careful attention to the amount they’re consuming, especially during layoffs or lost jobs.

“There are a lot of forces working against empathy,” explains Margaret S. Chisolm, MD, professor in the department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. “Systemic forces are working against understanding patients, in terms of time and other pressures, the way the curriculum is and what’s being modeled.” An opioid researcher and addiction specialist, Dr. Marc Fishman, who is an assistant cbd oil uk how to take professor in the psychiatry department at Johns Hopkins University, was appalled at the notion of using the drug as some kind of ultimate punishment. “A physician ought not have an opinion on improved ways of poisoning people,” he said. Scientists from the Johns Hopkins Psychedelic Research Unit are commencing a landmark human clinical trial to explore the effects of psilocybin in persons with chronic anorexia nervosa.

“The red light started flashing. It’s unprecedented – the capacity of the human organism to change. It just was astounding.” Universities don’t have rule books, nor is there any scientific research, about how to navigate addressing multiple student deaths and suicides, said Dr. Paul Nestadt, a Johns Hopkins University psychiatry professor. Officials are likely acting with an abundance of caution so as not to prompt a suicide contagion, he said. Research on medical uses of fungi is becoming more mainstream, including the recently established Center for Psychedelic and Consciousness Research at Johns Hopkins University, the first such formal center in the U.S. Using recent studies at UCLA, Johns Hopkins, New York University and elsewhere, wrote about how hallucinogenics, specifically LSD and psilocybin, had had profound results in conjunction with psychotherapy with suicidal depressives, the terminally ill, addicts and PTSD patients.

By controlling for caffeine use in study participants, Johns Hopkins researchers found that caffeine-related performance improvement is nonexistent without caffeine withdrawal. Tabitha Farrar talks to Dr Graham Redgrave about the research done at Johns Hopkins looking into higher weights and a faster rate of refeeding patients with anorexia in an inpatient hospital setting. Roland Griffiths, a professor in the Departments of Psychiatry and Neurosciences at Johns Hopkins University in Maryland, has likened psychedelics’ ability to bring about neural rerouting as akin to a “surgical intervention.” I do not feel equipped to give advice here when I’m tripping over piles of books on the floor of my bedroom.

Dealing with pain on a daily basis can drive some people into depression, and in some cases, suicide. The need for human belonging is so strong that some people are willing to join gangs and/or humiliate themselves just to be in a relationship with another person. As far as romantic relationships are concerned, the act of a break-up can trigger intense feelings of depression, anxiety, guilt and panic – leading a person to deal with a lot of emotional pain. Often times in the news we read about people committing suicide as the result of a break-up with a significant other. For parents who would like to introduce a Mediterranean diet into their children’s daily eating routine, Dr. Carolina Vidal, an assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Johns Hopkins Medicine, offered a few tips.

And the process must be controlled, or a bad experience is much more likely to occur. That’s why Richards doesn’t recommend trying these psychedelics at home. Despite the overwhelming spiritual consensus within my small Texas town, I knew “God” didn’t exist.

Research from scientists at Johns Hopkins and New York University late last year suggested that hallucinogenic mushrooms can help with anxiety and depression when traditional antidepressant medications don’t work. “Harvard” has many different faculty members who likely hold many different views on medical marijuana; this blog doesn’t attempt or purport to speak for all of them. That said, you are correct that there is a dichotomy between the the government’s classification of marijuana as having “no medical benefit” and this article which cites about a dozen areas where marijuana has been demonstrated to be beneficial. Unfortunately, our government’s policy is vastly out of step with the reality that millions of patients are experiencing, and with modern scientific evidence. (The history of our nation’s “War on Marijuana” is fascinating to read about; it is mostly based on racism as well as politics against the anti-Vietnam left…long story!).

Be Smart With Your Stylish Phones

The initial type of applications to keep in mind as it pertains to increasing your living production is apps related to operating and obtaining your path around. They are GPS apps, and they primarily change your smart phone in to a small portable GPS device. These programs enable you to simply plug in your local area and you will be able to see regional eateries as well as the addresses of your pals and family.

Bing Maps Navigation is an ideal request that will help you complete only that. That is essentially a smart telephone version of the wildly common web site on the internet that lets people select in guidelines and look for locations. Google’s Maps Request offers satellite and road views that different mobile apps do not provide.

Company programs for the LG Thrill will also be extremely important since they can support people stay structured and produce living much easier for us. Organizational programs may contain apps that allow you to with scheduling and conference sessions and deadlines, as well as applications at that help you add up calendars and even develop your own personal to accomplish lists through the touchscreen and typing efficiency of the phones. It is becoming more difficult to remain along with things today in modern life, as most people have so many different obligations to have a tendency to, so when you can change your cell phone into an ally to help you keep connected and current with modern living, then it’s value taking advantage of.  Shycocan

Mobile Shopping has also become remarkably popular and that’s why there are lots of looking applications obtainable in the Application Market. Most of these applications may give you recommendations and handles and results to the closest malls, retailers, supermarkets, and other areas of contemporary life that you may be enthusiastic about locating in the real world. You may also use such programs to see a number of reviews of shops that will allow you to figure out which keep you are interested in visiting or getting things from.

As you will see, there are several features concerning the LG Thrill can be advantageous to day-to-day living through a number of applications, including programs for operating, buying, and work. Along the way, it would not be considered a poor strategy to look in to some extras such as a data wire, an incident, monitor guard, and a Wireless headset. With a information wire you will have a way to move documents from your own PC to your telephone and the Wireless headset enables you talk hands-free while you travel which is often very advantageous to your safety.

their residence to review if the storage door closed. Acquire some little bit of mind and do not worry about turning everything off before you leave. You are able to turn everything off without actually being there. Hook up to the consumer program, shut storage door and check always any components you may have forgotten. A smart home will also help stop you on-time.

Simplify your house and operate the Home Theater music, video, and several other parts all in one remote control. One remote control is an easy and convenient solution to perform music in virtually any space at anytime. If you prefer audio, use the multi-room sound feature and balance the acoustics in your home. You may be environmentally friendly and enjoy an ideal atmosphere in every room with lighting control. Dimming your lights uses less energy, therefore saving you money. Enjoy control from everywhere with a good phone or net connection. Acquire some bit of mind and monitor your house security while on the road.

Mistakes to Avoid While Purchasing Business Insurance

Just one ignite can collection a store on fire. An easy slip can cause a lengthy and costly legislation suit. You are able to awaken the very next day and your corporate vehicle is not on its parking slot. If there is a very important factor every organization operator knows, it’s the fact there is nothing particular and it’s essential to lessen risk to ab muscles minimum.

Many organization homeowners belong to the lure of not getting the right organization insurance coverage. Let us dissect that record further. It is inadequate to ensure your business. Industrial organization insurance should be your failsafe. Indicating, your organization protect should be a thing that encompasses all possible scenarios.

Identifying All of the Risks Related to Your Organization

The first step in deciding the best organization insurance for your enterprise is conducting a comprehensive audit of your complete organization procedures from begin to finish. Be sure that no stone is remaining unturned. If you’re the dog owner, there’s a high likelihood that may very well not know about every thing that’s occurring in your daily organization procedures, so it is best to bring in all of your managers along with the main element employees to make sure that you don’t skip anything.

Knowing the Different Types of Organization Insurance

There are four important broad forms of commercial organization insurance.

The first category is essentially the most popular – organization house insurance. To put it simply, this sort of insurance will provide you with monetary reimbursements, if your organization properties (i.e. Your working environment, your machineries, etc.) were damaged or destroyed.

The second common classification of Business insurance is liability insurance. In the event that you hurt a person or damaged home throughout the perform of your organization, this sort of insurance may look after that. For instance, if you’re a restaurant operator, and somebody tucked within your restaurant as a result of built consume, you need to use your liability insurance to protect for the victim’s hospitalisation expense.

Next is the automobile insurance which is fundamentally much like your personal vehicle insurance. It’ll protect the problems inflicted on your own company-owned cars including those resulting from collision accidents.

Lastly, the umbrella commercial organization insurance doesn’t perform a specific role. Rather, it extends the restricts of your other insurance policies. It may also be used to protect other activities beyond those which are included in your liability, house and automobile insurance policies

Effectively Investing Towards Your Insurance Guidelines

By determining all of the parts in your procedures that will cause financial losses to your company, you will have the ability to recognize which forms of insurance you need. Regardless of choosing an insurance category, you also require to make sure that you’re investing enough towards these organization insurance policies.

For instance, in the event that you run a hotel organization with a few luxurious cars to move your visitors, you should spend greatly on automobile insurance and the plan you should get needs to have a top premium. You can’t have a $30,000 BMW luxurious sedan and just have $5,000 value of automobile insurance.

Secret Behind Technology Blogging: A Best Niche In Blogging

It is no secret that there is a secret behind technology blogging; it is one of the best niches in blogging. Blogging about technology is one of the best ways to get ahead in modern society. In fact, technology blogging is the best niche in blogging these days for anyone who wants to start up a successful business.

If you plan to create a new business or any successful business ventures, one of the best ways to do so is to consider the technology niche in blogging.

The Secrets of Niche Blogging: Technology

These days there are so many technologies to choose from, it’s hard not to blog about them. Some popular examples of technology blogs include:

iPhone how to guides and tutorials

Information and technology news

Technology updates and rumors

The latest technological breakthroughs

Android

Windows and Mac

Technology Editorials and Opinion Pieces

Technology blogs are the perfect accompaniment to a day job although many people find running a niche technology blog can be exciting and take up a bit of time on the side.

How To Run A Successful Secret Technology Niche Blogging Business

It doesn’t take very long to get a niche technology blog up and running. All one need to do is set up a blog account, which is easily done through WordPress or any other free blogging module.

Typically it helps to add a new blog post at least once or twice a week, if not daily. This helps to compete with ultra high-ranking websites. The technology niche is one of the simplest niches to write about.

There are tons of information readily available about most forms of technology. There is always something new in the news about the latest iPhone, or what some star or celebrity has done with their Mac, or latest technology device.

The other approach to technology is writing about how you made money using technology. Most people want nothing more than to learn about how they can make money using technology. And, that is essentially what you do when you create a niche technology blog… make money using technology.

Another great niche in the technology arena is a blog focusing on general technological advances and information. However, the competition for a niche that broad however, may be very high, especially when it comes to purchasing AdSense revenue. If you can narrow your technology niche down significantly, to something very narrow, then you will reap the benefits.

Good, narrow niches are well thought out. Some examples may include very detailed subjects and niche topics, including:

iPhone covers and cases

Android Travel Phones

Mac laptop covers and cases

Windows technological breakthroughs

The more narrow the subject material, the more likely you are to select keywords that bring in targeted audience members. There is also less likely to be competition for your keywords. You want to pay as little as possible to attract AdSense revenues. This is how to make the most bang for your buck when blogging on technology.

Remember that the secret is out; technology is a great niche to take advantage of. People are constantly seeking new and exciting information about technology. So discover the areas you can write better about, and dig in. Discover for yourself the secret behind technology blogging and find a good niche in the technology blogging that you and your business can get benefit from.

Leaping Into the 6th Technology Revolution

We’re at risk of missing out on some of the most profound opportunities offered by the technology revolution that has just begun.

Yet many are oblivious to the signs and are in danger of watching this become a period of noisy turmoil rather than the full-blown insurrection needed to launch us into a green economy. What we require is not a new spinning wheel, but fabrics woven with nanofibers that generate solar power. To make that happen, we need a radically reformulated way of understanding markets, technology, financing, and the role of government in accelerating change. But will we understand the opportunities before they disappear?

Seeing the Sixth Revolution for What It Is

We are seven years into the beginning of what analysts at BofA Merrill Lynch Global Research call the Sixth Revolution. A table by Carlotta Perez, which was presented during a recent BofA Merrill Lynch Global Research luncheon hosted by Robert Preston and Steven Milunovich, outlines the revolutions that are unexpected in their own time that lead to the one in which we find ourselves.

 

  • 1771: Mechanization and improved water wheels
  • 1829: Development of steam for industry and railways
  • 1875: Cheap steel, availability of electricity, and the use of city gas
  • 1908: Inexpensive oil, mass-produced internal combustion engine vehicles, and universal electricity
  • 1971: Expansion of information and tele-communications
  • 2003: Cleantech and biotech

 

The Vantage of Hindsight

Looking back at 1971, we know that Intel’s introduction of the microprocessor marked the beginning of a new era. But in that year, this meant little to people watching Mary Tyler Moore and The Partridge Family, or listening to Tony Orlando & Dawn and Janis Joplin. People would remember humanity’s first steps on the Moon, opening relations between US and China, perhaps the successful completion of the Human Genome Project to 99.99% accuracy, and possibly the birth of Prometea, the first horse cloned by Italian scientists.

 

According to Ben Weinberg, Partner, Element Partners, “Every day, we see American companies with promising technologies that are unable to deploy their products because of a lack of debt financing. By filling this gap, the government will ignite the mass deployment of innovative technologies, allowing technologies ranging from industrial waste heat to pole-mounted solar PV to prove their economics and gain credibility in the debt markets.” 

 

Flying beneath our collective radar was the first floppy disk drive by IBM, the world’s first e-mail sent by Ray Tomlinson, the launch of the first laser printer by Xerox PARC and the Cream Soda Computer by Bill Fernandez and Steve Wozniak (who would found the Apple Computer company with Steve Jobs a few years later). 

Times have not changed that much. It’s 2011 and many of us face a similar disconnect with the events occurring around us. We are at the equivalent of 1986, a year on the cusp of the personal computer and the Internet fundamentally changing our world. 1986 was also the year that marked the beginning of a major financial shift into new markets. Venture Capital (VC) experienced its most substantial finance-raising season, with approximately $750 million, and the NASDAQ was established to help create a market for these companies.

Leading this charge was Kleiner Perkins Caulfield & Beyers (KPCB), a firm that turned technical expertise into possibly the most successful IT venture capital firm in Silicon Valley. The IT model looked for a percentage of big successes to offset losses: an investment like the $8 million in Cerent, which was sold to Cisco Systems for $6.9 billion, could make up for a lot of great ideas that didn’t quite make it.

Changing Financial Models

But the VC model that worked so well for information and telecommunications doesn’t work in the new revolution. Not only is the financing scale of the cleantech revolution orders of magnitude larger than the last, this early in the game even analysts are struggling to see the future.

Steven Milunovich, who hosted the BofA Merrill Lynch Global Research lunch, remarked that each revolution has an innovation phase which may last for as long as 25 years, followed by an implementation phase of another 25. Most money is made in the first 20 years, so real players want to get in early. But the question is: Get in where, for how much and with whom?

There is still market scepticism and uncertainty about the staying power of the clean energy revolution. Milunovich estimates that many institutional investors don’t believe in global warming, and adopt a “wait and see” attitude complicated by government impasse on energy security legislation. For those who are looking at these markets, their motivation ranges from concerns about oil scarcity, supremacy in the “new Sputnik” race, the shoring up of homeland security and – for some – a concern about the effects of climate change. Many look askance at those who see that we are in the midst of a fundamental change in how we produce and use energy. Milunovich, for all these reasons, is “cautious in the short term, bullish on the long.”

The Valley of Death

Every new technology brings with it needs for new financing. In the sixth revolution, with budget needs 10 times those of IT, the challenge is moving from idea to prototype to commercialization. The Valley of Death, as a recent Bloomberg New Energy Finance whitepaper, Crossing the Valley of Death pointed out, is the gap between technology creation and commercial maturity.

But some investors and policy makers continue to hope that private capital will fuel this gap, much as it did the last. They express concern over the debt from government programs like the stimulus funds (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act) which have invested millions in new technologies in the clean energy sector, as well as helping states with rebuilding infrastructure and other projects. They question why the traditional financing models, which made the United States the world leader in information technology and telecommunications, can’t be made to work today, if the Government would just get out of the way.

But analysts from many sides of financing believe that government support, of some kind, is essential to move projects forward, because cleantech and biotech projects require a much larger input of capital in order to get to commercialization. This gap not only affects commercialization, but is also affecting investments in new technologies, because financial interests are concerned that their investment might not see fruition – get to commercial scale.

How new technologies are radically different from the computer revolution.

Infrastructure complexity

This revolution is highly dependent on an existing – but aging – energy infrastructure. Almost 40 years after the start of the telecommunications revolution, we are still struggling with a communications infrastructure that is fragmented, redundant, and inefficient. Integrating new sources of energy, and making better use of what we have, is an even more complex – and more vital – task.

According to “Crossing the Valley of Death,” the Bloomberg New Energy Finance Whitepaper,

 

“The events of the past few years confirm that it is only with the public sector’s help that the Commercialization Valley of Death can be addressed, both in the short and the long term. Only public institutions have ‘public benefits’ obligations and the associated mandated risk-tolerance for such classes of investments, along with the capital available to make a difference at scale. Project financiers have shown they are willing to pick up the ball and finance the third, 23rd, and 300th project that uses that new technology. It is the initial technology risk that credit committees and investment managers will not tolerate.” 

 

Everything runs on fuel and energy, from our homes to our cars to our industries, schools, and hospitals. Most of us have experienced the disconnect we feel when caught in a blackout: “The air-conditioner won’t work so I guess I’ll turn on a fan,” only to realize we can’t do either. Because energy is so vital to every aspect of our economy, federal, state and local entities regulate almost every aspect of how energy is developed, deployed, and monetized. Wind farm developers face a patchwork quilt of municipal, county, state and federal regulations in getting projects to scale. 

Incentives from government sources, as well as utilities, pose both an opportunity and a threat: the market rises and falls in direct proportion to funding and incentives. Navigating these challenges takes time and legal expertise: neither of which are in abundant supply to entrepreneurs.

Development costs

Though microchips are creating ever-smaller electronics, cleantech components – such as wind turbines and photovoltaics – are huge. They can’t be developed in a garage, like Hewlett and Packard’s first oscilloscope. A new generation of biofuels that utilizes nanotechnology isn’t likely to take place out of a dorm room, as did Michael Dell’s initial business selling customized computers. What this means for sixth revolution projects is that they have much larger funding needs, at much earlier stages.

Stepping up and supporting innovation, universities – and increasingly corporations – are partnering with early stage entrepreneurs. They are providing technology resources, such as laboratories and technical support, as well as management expertise in marketing, product development, government processes, and financing. Universities get funds from technology transfer arrangements, while corporations invest in a new technologies, expanding their product base, opening new businesses, or providing cost-benefit and risk-analysis of various approaches.

But even with such help, venture capital and other private investors are needed to augment costs that cannot be born alone. These investors look to some assurance that projects will produce revenue in order to return the original investment. So concerns over the Valley of Death affects even early stage funding.

Time line to completion

So many of us balk at two year contracts for our cell phones that there is talk of making such requirements illegal. But energy projects, by their size and complexity, look out over years, if not decades. Commercial and industrial customers look to spread their costs over ten to twenty years, and contracts cover contingencies like future business failure, the sale of properties, or the prospect of renovations that may affect the long term viability of the original project.

Kevin Walsh, managing director and head of Power and Renewable Energy at GE Energy Financial Services states, “GE Energy Financial Services supports the creation of CEDA or a similar institution because it would expand the availability of low-cost capital to the projects and companies in which we invest, and it would help expand the market for technology supplied by other GE businesses.”

Michael Holman, analyst for Lux Research, noted that a $25 million investment in Google morphed into $1.7 billion 5 years later. In contrast, a leading energy storage company started with a $300 million investment, and 9 years later valuation remains uncertain. These are the kinds of barriers that can stall the drive we need for 21st century technologies.

Looking to help bridge the gap in new cleantech and biotech projects, is a proposed government-based solution called the Clean Energy Deployment Administration (CEDA). There is a house and senate version, as well as a house Green Bank bill to provide gap financing. Recently, over 42 companies, representing many industries and organizations, signed a letter to President Obama, supporting the Senate version, the “21st Century Energy Technology Deployment Act.”

Both the house and senate bills propose to create, as an office within the US Department of Energy (DOE), an administration which would be tasked with lending to risky cleantech projects for the purpose of bringing new technologies to market. CEDA would be the bridge needed to ensure the successful establishment of the green economy, by partnering with private investment to bring the funding needed to get these technologies to scale. Both versions capitalize the agency with $10 Billion (Senate) and $7.5 Billion (House), with an expected 10% loss reserve long term.

By helping a new technology move more effectively through the pipeline from idea to deployment, CEDA can substantially increase private sector investment in energy technology development and deployment. It can create a more successful US clean energy industry, with all the attendant economic and job creation benefits.

Who Benefits?

CEDA funding could be seen as beneficial for even the most unlikely corporations. Ted Horan is the Marketing and Business Development Manager for Hycrete, a company that sells a waterproof concrete. Hardly a company that springs to mind when we think about clean technologies, he recently commented on why Hycrete CEO, Richard Guinn, is a signatory on the letter to Obama:

 

“The allocation of funding for emerging clean energy technologies through CEDA is an important step in solving our energy and climate challenges. Companies on the cusp of large-scale commercial deployment will benefit greatly and help accelerate the adoption of clean energy practices throughout our economy.” 

 

In his opinion, the manufacturing and construction that is needed to push us out of a stagnating economy will be supported by innovation coming from the cleantech and biotech sectors. 

Google’s Dan Reicher, Director of Climate Change and Energy Initiatives, has been a supporter from the inception of CEDA. He has testified before both houses of Congress, and was a signatory on the letter to President Obama. Google’s interest in clean and renewable energies dates back several years. The company is actively involved in projects to cut costs of solar thermal and expand the use of plug-in vehicles, and has developed the Power Meter, a product which brings home energy management to anyone’s desktop-for free.

Financial support includes corporations like GE Energy Financial Services, Silicon Valley Venture Capital such as Kleiner, Perkins Caulfiled and Byers, and Mohr Davidow Ventures, and Energy Capital including Hudson Clean Energy and Element Partners.Can something like the senate version of CEDA leap the Valley of Death?

As Will Coleman from Mohr Davidow Ventures, said, “The Devil’s in the details.” The Senate version has two significant changes from previous proposals: an emphasis on breakthrough as opposed to conventional technologies, and political independence.

Neil Auerbach, Managing Partner, Hudson Clean Energy

The clean energy sector can be a dynamic growth engine for the US economy, but not without thoughtful government support for private capital formation. **[Government policy] promises to serve as a valuable bridging tool to accelerate private capital formation around companies facing the challenge, and can help ensure that the US remains at the forefront of the race for dominance in new energy technologies.

Breakthrough Technologies

Coleman said that “breakthrough” includes the first or second deployment of a new approach, not just the game changing science-fiction solution that finally brings us limitless energy at no cost. The Bloomberg New Energy white paper uses the term “First of Class.” Bringing solar efficiency up from 10% to 20%, or bringing manufacturing costs down by 50%, would be a breakthrough that would help us begin to compete with threats from China and India. Conventional technologies, those that are competing with existing commercialized projects, would get less emphasis.

Political Independence

Political independence is top of mind for many who spoke or provided an analysis of the bill. Michael Holman, analyst at Lux Research, expressed the strongest concerns that CEDA doesn’t focus enough on incentives to bring together innovative start-ups with larger established firms.

 

“The government itself taking on the responsibility of deciding what technologies to back isn’t likely to work-it’s an approach with a dreadful track record. That said, it is important for the federal government to lead – the current financing model for bringing new energy technologies to market is broken, and new approaches are badly needed.” 

 

For many, the senate bill has many advantages over the house bill, in providing for a decision making process that includes technologists and private sector experts. 

 

“I think both sides [of the aisle] understand this is an important program, and must enable the government to be flexible and employ a number of different approaches. The Senate version empowers CEDA to take a portfolio approach and manage risk over time, which I think is good. In the House bill, CEDA has to undergo the annual appropriation process, which runs the risk of politicizing every investment decision in isolation and before we have a chance to see the portfolio mature.” – Will Coleman, Mohr Davidow. 

 

Michael DeRosa, Managing Director of Element Partners added, 

 

“The framework must ensure the selection of practical technologies, optimization of risk/return for taxpayer dollars, and appropriate oversight for project selection and spending. **Above all, these policies must be designed with free markets principles in mind and not be subject to political process.” 

 

If history is any indication, rarely are those in the middle of game-changing events aware of their role in what will one day be well-known for their sweeping influence. But what we can see clearly now is the gap between idea and commercial maturity. CEDA certainly offers some hope that we may yet see the cleantech age grow up into adulthood. But will we act quickly enough before all of the momentum and hard work that has brought us this far falls flat as other countries take leadership roles, leaving us in the dust? 

THE GREEN ECONOMY is an information company, providing timely, credible facts and analyses on companies adapting to meet the challenges of a green future.

Markets are in transition; customers are demanding a higher quality of life, such as clean water and energy. These pressures are affecting commodity prices, access to markets, the nature of innovation and more. At the same time, infrastructure (water, energy, transportation), is becoming more – not less – localized. These changes mean opportunities and demand new partnerships to deliver increasingly complex solutions. THE GREEN ECONOMY tells those stories.

Impacts of Information Technology on Society in the New Century

In the past few decades there has been a revolution in computing and communications, and all indications are that technological progress and use of information technology will continue at a rapid pace. Accompanying and supporting the dramatic increases in the power and use of new information technologies has been the declining cost of communications as a result of both technological improvements and increased competition. According to Moore’s law the processing power of microchips is doubling every 18 months. These advances present many significant opportunities but also pose major challenges. Today, innovations in information technology are having wide-ranging effects across numerous domains of society, and policy makers are acting on issues involving economic productivity, intellectual property rights, privacy protection, and affordability of and access to information. Choices made now will have long lasting consequences, and attention must be paid to their social and economic impacts.

One of the most significant outcomes of the progress of information technology is probably electronic commerce over the Internet, a new way of conducting business. Though only a few years old, it may radically alter economic activities and the social environment. Already, it affects such large sectors as communications, finance and retail trade and might expand to areas such as education and health services. It implies the seamless application of information and communication technology along the entire value chain of a business that is conducted electronically.

The impacts of information technology and electronic commerce on business models, commerce, market structure, workplace, labour market, education, private life and society as a whole.

1. Business Models, Commerce and Market Structure

One important way in which information technology is affecting work is by reducing the importance of distance. In many industries, the geographic distribution of work is changing significantly. For instance, some software firms have found that they can overcome the tight local market for software engineers by sending projects to India or other nations where the wages are much lower. Furthermore, such arrangements can take advantage of the time differences so that critical projects can be worked on nearly around the clock. Firms can outsource their manufacturing to other nations and rely on telecommunications to keep marketing, R&D, and distribution teams in close contact with the manufacturing groups. Thus the technology can enable a finer division of labour among countries, which in turn affects the relative demand for various skills in each nation. The technology enables various types of work and employment to be decoupled from one another. Firms have greater freedom to locate their economic activities, creating greater competition among regions in infrastructure, labour, capital, and other resource markets. It also opens the door for regulatory arbitrage: firms can increasingly choose which tax authority and other regulations apply.

Computers and communication technologies also promote more market-like forms of production and distribution. An infrastructure of computing and communication technology, providing 24-hour access at low cost to almost any kind of price and product information desired by buyers, will reduce the informational barriers to efficient market operation. This infrastructure might also provide the means for effecting real-time transactions and make intermediaries such as sales clerks, stock brokers and travel agents, whose function is to provide an essential information link between buyers and sellers, redundant. Removal of intermediaries would reduce the costs in the production and distribution value chain. The information technologies have facilitated the evolution of enhanced mail order retailing, in which goods can be ordered quickly by using telephones or computer networks and then dispatched by suppliers through integrated transport companies that rely extensively on computers and communication technologies to control their operations. Nonphysical goods, such as software, can be shipped electronically, eliminating the entire transport channel. Payments can be done in new ways. The result is disintermediation throughout the distribution channel, with cost reduction, lower end-consumer prices, and higher profit margins.

The impact of information technology on the firms’ cost structure can be best illustrated on the electronic commerce example. The key areas of cost reduction when carrying out a sale via electronic commerce rather than in a traditional store involve physical establishment, order placement and execution, customer support, strong, inventory carrying, and distribution. Although setting up and maintaining an e-commerce web site might be expensive, it is certainly less expensive to maintain such a storefront than a physical one because it is always open, can be accessed by millions around the globe, and has few variable costs, so that it can scale up to meet the demand. By maintaining one ‘store’ instead of several, duplicate inventory costs are eliminated. In addition, e-commerce is very effective at reducing the costs of attracting new customers, because advertising is typically cheaper than for other media and more targeted. Moreover, the electronic interface allows e-commerce merchants to check that an order is internally consistent and that the order, receipt, and invoice match. Through e-commerce, firms are able to move much of their customer support on line so that customers can access databases or manuals directly. This significantly cuts costs while generally improving the quality of service. E-commerce shops require far fewer, but high-skilled, employees. E-commerce also permits savings in inventory carrying costs. The faster the input can be ordered and delivered, the less the need for a large inventory. The impact on costs associated with decreased inventories is most pronounced in industries where the product has a limited shelf life (e.g. bananas), is subject to fast technological obsolescence or price declines (e.g. computers), or where there is a rapid flow of new products (e.g. books, music). Although shipping costs can increase the cost of many products purchased via electronic commerce and add substantially to the final price, distribution costs are significantly reduced for digital products such as financial services, software, and travel, which are important e-commerce segments.

Although electronic commerce causes the disintermediation of some intermediaries, it creates greater dependency on others and also some entirely new intermediary functions. Among the intermediary services that could add costs to e-commerce transactions are advertising, secure online payment, and delivery. The relative ease of becoming an e-commerce merchant and setting up stores results in such a huge number of offerings that consumers can easily be overwhelmed. This increases the importance of using advertising to establish a brand name and thus generate consumer familiarity and trust. For new e-commerce start-ups, this process can be expensive and represents a significant transaction cost. The openness, global reach, and lack of physical clues that are inherent characteristics of e-commerce also make it vulnerable to fraud and thus increase certain costs for e-commerce merchants as compared to traditional stores. New techniques are being developed to protect the use of credit cards in e-commerce transactions, but the need for greater security and user verification leads to increased costs. A key feature of e-commerce is the convenience of having purchases delivered directly. In the case of tangibles, such as books, this incurs delivery costs, which cause prices to rise in most cases, thereby negating many of the savings associated with e-commerce and substantially adding to transaction costs.

With the Internet, e-commerce is rapidly expanding into a fast-moving, open global market with an ever-increasing number of participants. The open and global nature of e-commerce is likely to increase market size and change market structure, both in terms of the number and size of players and the way in which players compete on international markets. Digitized products can cross the border in real time, consumers can shop 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and firms are increasingly faced with international online competition. The Internet is helping to enlarge existing markets by cutting through many of the distribution and marketing barriers that can prevent firms from gaining access to foreign markets. E-commerce lowers information and transaction costs for operating on overseas markets and provides a cheap and efficient way to strengthen customer-supplier relations. It also encourages companies to develop innovative ways of advertising, delivering and supporting their product and services. While e-commerce on the Internet offers the potential for global markets, certain factors, such as language, transport costs, local reputation, as well as differences in the cost and ease of access to networks, attenuate this potential to a greater or lesser extent.

2. Workplace and Labour Market

Computers and communication technologies allow individuals to communicate with one another in ways complementary to traditional face-to-face, telephonic, and written modes. They enable collaborative work involving distributed communities of actors who seldom, if ever, meet physically. These technologies utilize communication infrastructures that are both global and always up, thus enabling 24-hour activity and asynchronous as well as synchronous interactions among individuals, groups, and organizations. Social interaction in organizations will be affected by use of computers and communication technologies. Peer-to-peer relations across department lines will be enhanced through sharing of information and coordination of activities. Interaction between superiors and subordinates will become more tense because of social control issues raised by the use of computerized monitoring systems, but on the other hand, the use of e-mail will lower the barriers to communications across different status levels, resulting in more uninhibited communications between supervisor and subordinates.

That the importance of distance will be reduced by computers and communication technology also favours telecommuting, and thus, has implications for the residence patterns of the citizens. As workers find that they can do most of their work at home rather than in a centralized workplace, the demand for homes in climatically and physically attractive regions would increase. The consequences of such a shift in employment from the suburbs to more remote areas would be profound. Property values would rise in the favoured destinations and fall in the suburbs. Rural, historical, or charming aspects of life and the environment in the newly attractive areas would be threatened. Since most telecommuters would be among the better educated and higher paid, the demand in these areas for high-income and high-status services like gourmet restaurants and clothing boutiques would increase. Also would there be an expansion of services of all types, creating and expanding job opportunities for the local population.

By reducing the fixed cost of employment, widespread telecommuting should make it easier for individuals to work on flexible schedules, to work part time, to share jobs, or to hold two or more jobs simultaneously. Since changing employers would not necessarily require changing one’s place of residence, telecommuting should increase job mobility and speed career advancement. This increased flexibility might also reduce job stress and increase job satisfaction. Since job stress is a major factor governing health there may be additional benefits in the form of reduced health costs and mortality rates. On the other hand one might also argue that technologies, by expanding the number of different tasks that are expected of workers and the array of skills needed to perform these tasks, might speed up work and increase the level of stress and time pressure on workers.

A question that is more difficult to be answered is about the impacts that computers and communications might have on employment. The ability of computers and communications to perform routine tasks such as bookkeeping more rapidly than humans leads to concern that people will be replaced by computers and communications. The response to this argument is that even if computers and communications lead to the elimination of some workers, other jobs will be created, particularly for computer professionals, and that growth in output will increase overall employment. It is more likely that computers and communications will lead to changes in the types of workers needed for different occupations rather than to changes in total employment.

A number of industries are affected by electronic commerce. The distribution sector is directly affected, as e-commerce is a way of supplying and delivering goods and services. Other industries, indirectly affected, are those related to information and communication technology (the infrastructure that enables e-commerce), content-related industries (entertainment, software), transactions-related industries (financial sector, advertising, travel, transport). eCommerce might also create new markets or extend market reach beyond traditional borders. Enlarging the market will have a positive effect on jobs. Another important issue relates to inter linkages among activities affected by e-commerce. Expenditure for e-commerce-related intermediate goods and services will create jobs indirectly, on the basis of the volume of electronic transactions and their effect on prices, costs and productivity. The convergence of media, telecommunication and computing technologies is creating a new integrated supply chain for the production and delivery of multimedia and information content. Most of the employment related to e-commerce around the content industries and communication infrastructure such as the Internet.

Jobs are both created and destroyed by technology, trade, and organizational change. These processes also underlie changes in the skill composition of employment. Beyond the net employment gains or losses brought about by these factors, it is apparent that workers with different skill levels will be affected differently. E-commerce is certainly driving the demand for IT professionals but it also requires IT expertise to be coupled with strong business application skills, thereby generating demand for a flexible, multi-skilled work force. There is a growing need for increased integration of Internet front-end applications with enterprise operations, applications and back-end databases. Many of the IT skill requirements needed for Internet support can be met by low-paid IT workers who can deal with the organizational services needed for basic web page programming. However, wide area networks, competitive web sites, and complex network applications require much more skill than a platform-specific IT job. Since the skills required for e-commerce are rare and in high demand, e-commerce might accelerate the up skilling trend in many countries by requiring high-skilled computer scientists to replace low-skilled information clerks, cashiers and market salespersons.

3. Education

Advances in information technology will affect the craft of teaching by complementing rather than eliminating traditional classroom instruction. Indeed the effective instructor acts in a mixture of roles. In one role the instructor is a supplier of services to the students, who might be regarded as its customers. But the effective instructor occupies another role as well, as a supervisor of students, and plays a role in motivating, encouraging, evaluating, and developing students. For any topic there will always be a small percentage of students with the necessary background, motivation, and self-discipline to learn from self-paced workbooks or computer assisted instruction. For the majority of students, however, the presence of a live instructor will continue to be far more effective than a computer assisted counterpart in facilitating positive educational outcomes. The greatest potential for new information technology lies in improving the productivity of time spent outside the classroom. Making solutions to problem sets and assigned reading materials available on the Internet offers a lot of convenience. E-mail vastly simplifies communication between students and faculty and among students who may be engaged in group projects. Advances in information technology will affect the craft of teaching by complementing rather than eliminating traditional classroom instruction. Indeed the effective instructor acts in a mixture of roles. In one role the instructor is a supplier of services to the students, who might be regarded as its customers. But the effective instructor occupies another role as well, as a supervisor of students, and plays a role in motivating, encouraging, evaluating, and developing students. For any topic there will always be a small percentage of students with the necessary background, motivation, and self-discipline to learn from self-paced workbooks or computer assisted instruction. For the majority of students, however, the presence of a live instructor will continue to be far more effective than a computer assisted counterpart in facilitating positive educational outcomes. The greatest potential for new information technology lies in improving the productivity of time spent outside the classroom. Making solutions to problem sets and assigned reading materials available on the Internet offers a lot of convenience. E-mail vastly simplifies communication between students and faculty and among students who may be engaged in group projects.

Although distance learning has existed for some time, the Internet makes possible a large expansion in coverage and better delivery of instruction. Text can be combined with audio/ video, and students can interact in real time via e-mail and discussion groups. Such technical improvements coincide with a general demand for retraining by those who, due to work and family demands, cannot attend traditional courses. Distance learning via the Internet is likely to complement existing schools for children and university students, but it could have more of a substitution effect for continuing education programmes. For some degree programmes, high-prestige institutions could use their reputation to attract students who would otherwise attend a local facility. Owing to the Internet’s ease of access and convenience for distance learning, overall demand for such programmes will probably expand, leading to growth in this segment of e-commerce.

As shown in the previous section, high level skills are vital in a technology-based and knowledge intensive economy. Changes associated with rapid technological advances in industry have made continual upgrading of professional skills an economic necessity. The goal of lifelong learning can only be accomplished by reinforcing and adapting existing systems of learning, both in public and private sectors. The demand for education and training concerns the full range of modern technology. Information technologies are uniquely capable of providing ways to meet this demand. Online training via the Internet ranges from accessing self-study courses to complete electronic classrooms. These computer-based training programmes provide flexibility in skills acquisition and are more affordable and relevant than more traditional seminars and courses.

4. Private Life and Society

Increasing representation of a wide variety of content in digital form results in easier and cheaper duplication and distribution of information. This has a mixed effect on the provision of content. On the one hand, content can be distributed at a lower unit cost. On the other hand, distribution of content outside of channels that respect intellectual property rights can reduce the incentives of creators and distributors to produce and make content available in the first place. Information technology raises a host of questions about intellectual property protection and new tools and regulations have to be developed in order to solve this problem.

Many issues also surround free speech and regulation of content on the Internet, and there continue to be calls for mechanisms to control objectionable content. However it is very difficult to find a sensible solution. Dealing with indecent material involves understanding not only the views on such topics but also their evolution over time. Furthermore, the same technology that allows for content altering with respect to decency can be used to filter political speech and to restrict access to political material. Thus, if censorship does not appear to be an option, a possible solution might be labelling. The idea is that consumers will be better informed in their decisions to avoid objectionable content.

The rapid increase in computing and communications power has raised considerable concern about privacy both in the public and private sector. Decreases in the cost of data storage and information processing make it likely that it will become practicable for both government and private data-mining enterprises to collect detailed dossiers on all citizens. Nobody knows who currently collects data about individuals, how this data is used and shared or how this data might be misused. These concerns lower the consumers’ trust in online institutions and communication and, thus, inhibit the development of electronic commerce. A technological approach to protecting privacy might by cryptography although it might be claimed that cryptography presents a serious barrier to criminal investigations.

It is popular wisdom that people today suffer information overload. A lot of the information available on the Internet is incomplete and even incorrect. People spend more and more of their time absorbing irrelevant information just because it is available and they think they should know about it. Therefore, it must be studied how people assign credibility to the information they collect in order to invent and develop new credibility systems to help consumers to manage the information overload.

Technological progress inevitably creates dependence on technology. Indeed the creation of vital infrastructure ensures dependence on that infrastructure. As surely as the world is now dependent on its transport, telephone, and other infrastructures, it will be dependent on the emerging information infrastructure. Dependence on technology can bring risks. Failures in the technological infrastructure can cause the collapse of economic and social functionality. Blackouts of long-distance telephone service, credit data systems, and electronic funds transfer systems, and other such vital communications and information processing services would undoubtedly cause widespread economic disruption. However, it is probably impossible to avoid technological dependence. Therefore, what must be considered is the exposure brought from dependence on technologies with a recognizable probability of failure, no workable substitute at hand, and high costs as a result of failure.

The ongoing computing and communications revolution has numerous economic and social impacts on modern society and requires serious social science investigation in order to manage its risks and dangers. Such work would be valuable for both social policy and technology design. Decisions have to be taken carefully. Many choices being made now will be costly or difficult to modify in the future.